Reef Keeping RSS

Sump -

Here’s sumpthing to talk about, why would you want a sump for an aquarium? With the right kind of hang-on-the-back filters, you can successfully run a saltwater aquarium, but sumps do have their advantages. Sumps increase the total water volume of your system, which helps stabilize fluctuations in temperature and chemistry.  Sumps give more room for equipment like protein skimmers, phosphate reactors, and biological filtration while keeping them out of view of the display tank. Also, when the water flows down into the sump, it becomes more aerated. Sumps make it easy to add a freshwater auto top off system...

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Corals -

Gorgonians can be divided into two categories, photosynthetic and non-photosynthetic. Photosynthetic gorgonians require good lighting at moderate levels to thrive. Non-photosynthetic gorgonians get their sustenance through filter feeding by their polyps. This can be done by feeding phytoplankton, baby brine shrimp or detritus by stirring up the substrate at least once a week. Both types of coral require good water movement and pulsating flows are preferred. If algae accumulates on a gorgonian, remove immediately as algae can cause tissue deterioration. When transporting, keep exposure to air at an absolute minimum. Gorgonians are a unique species and are an excellent way...

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Neptune Apex, RO water -

If you are, you might want to look into automatic water changes. This is a maintenance option where a dosing pump takes new saltwater from a mixing bin, puts it into your system, and then simultaneously takes out the same amount of water from your sump and dumps it into a drain. This takes all the work out of water changes and reduces fluctuations in water chemistry, and is just really cool! Dosing pumps are required to do more volume than they typically would by just dosing additives. Most dosing pumps won’t last as long as expected with this type...

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clean up crew -

Astrea snails like to spend the time on your glass to help it look as clear as they can, but they can fall over easily and sometimes could use a hand getting back upright. Turbo snails are great for hair algae on rocks. Pink turbans tend to do a bit of both rock and glass. Nassarius snails are the sandsifters. They go into your sandbed to keep it clean and aerated, and you may think that they’re not there until you put some food in the tank! Trocus are the magical snail that can do a bit of everything and...

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nitrate -

Activated carbon and GFO are excellent for reducing nitrates, clearing the water, and removing chemicals and odors.  They can be simply put into media bags, placed in your sump and it will work, but it’s not the most efficient approach. This is where media reactors come into play because they force the aquarium’s water through the media several times a day. Reactors increase the effectiveness of the media, its lifespan, and makes the media more cost effective over time. A great media reactor option is Two Little Fishies Phosban reactors. They force the water upward through a dispersion plate evenly...

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